Biodiversity – short for biological diversity, is a term used to describe the variety of all life forms on Earth, from the tiniest bugs living in the soil, to the butterflies in your garden, the plants they feed from, and the biggest whales in the sea. The different aspects of biodiversity have a very strong influence on each other.  An ecosystem includes all of the living things (plants, animals and organisms) in a given area, interacting with each other, and also with their non-living environments (weather, earth, sun, soil, climate, atmosphere).

Ireland’s biodiversity stems in large part from the exceptional diversity of its geology – the bedrock that underlies the landscape. This has shaped our landscape with its mountains, rivers and very varied coastline. As a result of this variety, we have an exceptional diversity of habitats, given the size of the island. The second factor influencing our diversity is our mild, moist climate which allows unusual combinations of plants and animals to survive.

As our network of trails range from coastal to woodland, we are fortunate to have a great variety of biodiversity. In developing this biodiversity page, it is our intention, on an ongoing basis, to gather information on the range of biodiversity which exists on the trails in our network. This page illustrates the range of biodiversity available on our network of trails as a whole. If you would like to see the biodiversity on a particular trail, please visit the individual trail’s page.

We would also like to engage with those who walk our trails. We would ask walkers to assist in developing this bank of information by getting in touch if you see something unusual or indeed if you have any biodiversity related observations:

We would like to acknowledge support and funding received under the Agenda 21 scheme which enabled us to compile the biodiversity information and photographs contained on this page and individual trail pages.

Wildflowers on Wexford Walking Trail

 A comprehensive database of Irish Wildflowers can be found at

Lichens & Fungi on Wexford Walking Trail


A comprehensive database of Irish Lichens can be found at

This is only a snapshot of some of the flora and fauna you may spot on a walk through the Wexford landscape. Please bear with us while we build a comprehensive database of the rich and varied wildlife found on the many diverse trails that are part of Wexford Walking Trail.